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Urbanisation – a global trend
 

52% of the world’s population now live in urban areas, a number expected to grow to 66% by 2050

(Source: UN World Urbanization Prospects, 2014)

 

The world’s urban population is predicted to top six billion by 2045

(Source: UN World Urbanization Prospects, 2014)

15% of global GDP comes from mega cities (>10m people); 39% of global GDP comes from cities with more than 2m people. 
By 2030 60% of global GDP will come from 600 cities

(Source: Central banks, McKinsey, Oxford Economics)


 


Focus on the UK

The UK population grew to an estimated 65.1 million in 2015, the largest ever, and is predicted to reach 70 million by 2027.

(Source: ONS 2017)

 

54% of the  UK population are city-dwellers.
City population is growing faster than overall population. Between 2001-2011 the UK’s major cities accounted for a third of total national population growth

(Source: The Future of Cities, gov.uk 2014)


 

66% of workers in the UK commute from home into a more populated urban area

(Source: ONS, 2011 Census)

London's population swells by three million additional people every week day due to commuting to the city to work

(Source: ONS, 2011 Census)

London is one of the world’s top 40 busiest cities, with 14,600 people per square mile.

It is predicted to be one of the ten cities contributing the most to global GDP in 2030

(Source: Demographia, World Urban Areas, 12th Annual Edition: 2016:04; Oxford Economics)

Megacity London: it is estimated that London will have a residential population of 10 million by 2030, confirming its status as top European megacity.

(Source: ONS)